Miracles of Jesus: Wedding at Cana

John 2:1-11

A woman goes to her lawyer and tells him, “I want
to divorce my husband.”

The lawyer says, “Do you have any grounds?”

She replies, “Yes, we have a few acres. But there’s
nothing valuable on it.”

He says, “That’s not what I meant, do you have a

She replies, “Yes, that’s where I park my car.”

The lawyer becomes angry at this point, “Why do
you want a divorce?!”

She replies, “We have trouble communicating.”

We have spent the past several weeks studying the
parables of Jesus, although we didn’t look at every single
parable He told, we examined a good number of them.
Now we are going to turn our attention to the miracles of
The apostle John refers to the miracles as signs
throughout his gospel.

John 2:1-11

Context – Jesus sets the stage perfectly as He concludes
His conversation with Nathanael. Look at John 1:50-51
“Jesus answered and said to him, ‘Because I said to you
that I saw you under the fig tree, do you believe? You will
see the heavens opened and the angels of God ascending
and descending on the Son of Man.’”

Three days later Jesus is in Cana for a wedding.
This makes sense because it was at least a two day walk
from Nazareth to Cana. They are both in Galilee, but it
was around 9 miles between them.

There are a couple of statements here that help us
understand that this family was more than an
acquaintance of Jesus and Mary.
Notice that v.1 says the mother of Jesus was there
Jesus and His disciples were invited but His mother was
already there.
She was likely helping with the preparations and
whatever else needed to be done.

Also in v.3 she knew when the wine ran out. That could
have been terribly embarrassing for the family. The fact that she knew about it tells us that she was more than just a guest at the wedding.

V.5 she tells the servants to do whatever Jesus asks
them to do. She must have had some clout there or they
wouldn’t have listened to her or done what He told them
to do.

Jesus responds to His mother by calling her woman.
When we read that, it sounds a bit disrespectful, because
in our culture it is. If a child said that to his mother today
he would likely get slapped. But, this was actually a polite
way to address someone.
In fact, it’s the same thing He said to her as He was on
the cross and the same thing He called Mary Magdalene
after His resurrection.

Now, let’s consider some additional questions

Did Mary know Jesus was going to perform His first
It almost sounds like she does as she tells the servants
to do whatever He tells them to do.
Also, Mary was a thinker, remember after the angel came
to her, she pondered all these things in her heart.
She knew Jesus was special and desired for Him to help
their close friends in their time of need.

Why did Jesus say My hour has not yet come and then He
tells the servants to fill the water pots with water?

How much time elapsed between His mother telling Him
they were out of wine and Him telling the servants to fill
up the water pots?

Jesus’ response helps the reader understand that Jesus
isn’t going to do a miracle at the command of a human,
even if that human was His mother. Jesus only did
miracles at the direction and timing of the Father.

John 5:19 “Therefore Jesus answered and was
saying to them, ‘Truly, truly, I say to you, the Son
can do nothing of Himself, unless it is something
He sees the Father doing; for whatever the Father
does, these things the Son also does in like

.Jesus provided an abundance of wine

Jesus pointed out the 6 stone water pots that were there
for the purification of the guests. He told the servants to
fill them up and they did.
The Bible tells us that the pots held anywhere between
20-30 gallons each.
Even at the low end that was 120 gallons of water.
The average serving of wine is 5 oz.
That means there would have been over 3000 glasses of
wine available to the guests after Jesus turned the water into wine. Most people also diluted the wine as well. If the bridegroom would have done that it would have doubled or tripled the amount of wine available.

Based on the response of the headwaiter the wine was
likely not diluted.
He couldn’t believe the quality of this wine. He admitted
it was better than the wine that came out first. This was
opposite of how most people handled the wine at
weddings. After people have had several glasses, you
switch to the cheaper, low quality wine.

Let’s discuss another question.
When did the water get turned into wine?
The Bible doesn’t clearly give an exact time, but we can
guess that it was either when they drew it out of the well
or when they drew it out to take a sample to the

Let’s consider one final question
Who knew that Jesus performed a miracle?

Before we get to that, who didn’t know?
The bridegroom, the headwaiter, the guests, the rest of
the wedding party and family.

So who is left?
Jesus and His mother knew,
the disciples knew, the servants knew and that’s it!

Jesus kept a low profile with this miracle.
The purpose wasn’t for the guests to know or anyone
This happened off stage, out of sight

Look down at v.11. Here we see the two reasons for this

For the manifestation of His glory
So the disciples would believe in Him

Let’s take a minute to discuss the glory of the Lord.
I love the gospel of John. It is filled with so much
I especially love the first chapter.
Look at John 1:14 “And the Word became flesh, and
dwelt among us and we saw His glory, glory as of
the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and

Glory is holiness you can see.
God allowed Moses to see Him on the mountain and his
face shone because of the glory of the Lord.
Jesus, when He was transfigured on the mountain was
bright as the whitest linens.

As Jesus performed this miracle, He didn’t do it to bring
glory to His mom.
He didn’t do it to show off His power and might.
He did it to show the power of God that exists in Him.
It’s the same power that He will eventually give to His
apostles and allow them to cast out demons, heal the
sick and restore sight to the blind, as well as many other

This miracle was for the disciples.
He knew they needed something to help them believe
that He is who He said He was.
Displaying the power of God through this sign helped
them to believe.


Pray Knowing God still Performs Miracles

When we pray we must remember that God has greater
power than we do. He is God, creator of heaven and
earth, plants, animals and even us. He is the author of
wisdom and the master of all strength and power.
He is love and just.
He is faithful and Kind
He can do anything He chooses
We must not lose sight of that when we pray.
God can accomplish greater than we can even think or
We must not have too small a view of Him.

If we do we will pray stunted prayers and possibly even
miss out on blessings He has in store for us.

Seek to Show Others His Glory

Christians are to be set apart for His glory.
That means we live differently than the rest of the world
As we live out our calling, which is to walk in a manner
worthy of the Lord.

Jesus was the premier example of humility.
He didn’t ever do a selfish thing.
Every miracle He performed He did it to bring glory to the

What are we doing to bring glory to the Father?

Miracles of Jesus: Official’s Son Healed