I AM Statements: Door of the Sheep

John 10:1-10

A man walks into a library and asks the librarian for
books about paranoia.

She whispers, “They’re right behind you!”

My wife tells me I have 2 major faults.
I don’t listen and something else.

We are going to look at the next I AM statement of
Jesus. Before we get started, let’s remember the three
truths we know about Jesus as we study these

Jesus is Pre-Existent – He was with God in the
All things came into being through Him, and apart from
Him nothing came into being that has come into being.
He is the Alpha and Omega

He is the Incarnation of God – the Word became flesh
and dwelt among us. Jesus is God in the flesh. He was
born of a woman as every child is born. He was fully
human. He felt pain, sorrow, hunger, fatigue, etc.

Finally, we see the Deity of Christ – Jesus is fully God, He
was able to accomplish exactly what the Father desired,
because as John 10:30 says,

“I and the Father are one.”

Let’s turn our attention to the 1st 10 verses of John 10.
John 10:1-10

Jesus spoke to His audience in terms they would
definitely understand. Here he used the analogy of sheep
and a shepherd. Since not many of us are professional
shepherds, we should take a moment to understand the
role of a shepherd.
The main responsibilities of a shepherd were to provide
for the sheep and protect the sheep.
Sheep are outside animals. They didn’t allow them to
sleep in the bed as some of us allow our animals to do
these days.

The Bible mentions a sheepfold. It was the place of
protection where they slept at night and went when
danger presented itself. Sometimes it was a cave,
sometimes it was a pen that was partially covered. The
shepherd’s job was to keep the sheep safe all night from
predators who would try to kill and eat them or other
criminals who would try to steal the sheep.

Doctor Adam Smith, who traveled extensively in
the Holy Land for years, getting the insight into the
culture of the people, has written a fascinating
book giving biblical background and color by the
understanding of the culture of these people. And
he relates of talking with a shepherd one day as the
shepherd was pointing out this walled enclosure.
And explaining to him how that they would drive
the sheep into that enclosure at night or lead them
into the enclosure, and there in the enclosure the
sheep would be safe. And Doctor Smith said to him,
“Well, you don’t have any door, how do you keep
the sheep from going out?” And he said, “I am the door.”

He said, “Once I have all of the sheep in, I
lie across the opening here, and this is where I
sleep. And no sheep can get out or no wolf can get
in except to cross over me.”

Enemies of the Sheep/Shepherds
4 times in these verses Jesus mentions the enemies of
the shepherds. V. 1, 5, 8, 10
He calls them thieves, robbers, strangers

The word thief denotes subtlety and trickery to get what
doesn’t belong to you.
The word robber denotes the act of getting what doesn’t
belong to you by violence or force.
Stranger is one who is unfamiliar or unknown.

We all know the reputation of sheep. They are not the
smartest animals on the planet.
Jesus points out that the sheep do not hear the voice of
the thieves and robbers. v.8

And they flee from the voice of strangers. V.5
And thieves come to steal, kill and destroy.
Jesus was ensuring that His audience understood the
potential danger that existed to the sheep and that the
shepherd was there to protect them and take care of

Sheep were created for a relationship with the shepherd!
Relationship between Sheep and Shepherd
Listen to the way Jesus described the relationship
between the sheep and the shepherd.

● The sheep hear his voice
● The sheep know his voice over any other shepherd
● The shepherd calls them by name (he knows them)
● The shepherd leads them out/in
● The shepherd goes before them

In v.2 Jesus said “But he who enters by the door is a
shepherd of the sheep”
The shepherd knows the way
There is only one way in and out of the fold.
The door is the only way!
Jesus said it Himself, anyone who tries to get in any
other way is a thief and a robber.

Twice Jesus says His I AM statement v.7,9
I am the door of the sheep

This story is more than just a teaching about sheep.
What He is saying is that He is the only way to the Father
Jesus is the Only Way.
He is the gate – no one can get through unless Jesus
allows it.
He gives two benefits of coming through Him as the door

Salvation – sin separates us from God, Jesus reconciles
us to God because of His death and resurrection on the
cross. This free gift is available to all who would believe
and confess Jesus as savior.

Acts 4:12 “And there is salvation in no one else; for
there is no other name under heaven that has been
given among men by which we must be saved.”
He is the only way! His name is the only name.

Eternal Life – Jesus mentions abundant life.
That means here on earth and in heaven.
Because when we trust in Him, He gives us the Holy
Spirit to encourage, convict, comfort on earth and we
have the peace of knowing that we will spend eternity
with Him in heaven with the Father.
And here on earth we can live in fellowship with Him
through prayer, worship, the revelation of Himself
through the word and enjoy peace on earth.

Let’s tie everything together.

I told you when Jesus speaks an I AM statement He is
asserting His Pre-Existence, His Incarnation, and His

When Jesus says He is the door of the sheep, what He
means is, I and the Father are one!
Look a little further into the 10th chapter of John.
Vv.27-30 explain it a little more in depth.
Isn’t God’s plan amazing?
Before the foundation of the world He knew He was going
to put on flesh and come to rescue us from our sin by
dying on the cross and raising on the third day.
What a mighty God we serve!


So how do we apply the Scripture to our lives and put it
into action this week?

Enter the Door
If you have never heard the voice of God and turned to
Him for forgiveness and salvation, let today be the day
you enter the door. He is the only way to the Father.
Remember He has gone to prepare a place for us so that
we may also be with Him.

Usher others to the Door
If you know the Lord then your application is to point
others to the door. Help them understand their sin and
the punishment required for that sin. Then share the
good news of God’s grace and forgiveness which is
available for free and completed in the work of Jesus on
the cross at Calvary.

We should be on mission helping people find the door to
eternal life.